The temple city of Mahabalipuram (also Mamallapuram) is situated just 60 km off Chennai on the Bay of Bengal coast in the south Indian state of Tamil Nadu. The city is well connected through a network of roads from Chennai and other important cities of South India.
The history of Mahabalipuram is an intriguing one. Although its ancient history remains unclear, numismatics, temples and other sources of historical evidence suggest that it was a place of significance even before the temples were built. Some historical facts about Mahabalipuram are mentioned below:
- Mahabalipuram is a historic city and a UNESCO World Heritage Site
- It became a prominent center of art and literature between 3rd and 7th century CE.
- Ancient mariners referred to Mahabalipuram as the “land of the Seven Pagodas”.
- Several coins excavated from here reveal the existence of trade with Romans in ancient times.