Renowned for its picturesque beaches and pilgrimage spots, Cuddalore literally means Sea Town in Tamil. It is a large industrial city and headquarters of the Cuddalore district in Tamil Nadu.
Cuddalore is located south of Pondicherry on the Bay of Bengal, in the eastern parts of Tamil Nadu.
The ruins of Fort St David stand witness to the history of Cuddalore. As a small fort built by a Hindu merchant, it occupied by the Marathas after the capture of Gingi by Shivaji in 1677. The British purchased it from them in 1690, which also included the adjacent towns and villages that would fall within the range of a random shot of a piece of ordnance. A great gun was fired to different points of the compass and all places within its range, including Cuddalore, came under the possession of the British. The villages thus obtained are still termed as Cannon Ball Villages.