Nagapattinam, one of the most important port-cities of Tamil Nadu was formed by carving out a portion of Thanjavur district in 1991, which has thus resulted in the region also being refereed to by the name of East Thanjavur. Nagapattinam, located on the coast of the Bay of Bengal, lies between Northern Latitude 10.10’ and 11.20’ East Longitude 79.15’ and 79.50’. One of the most important cities of Tamil Nadu, a tour to Nagapattinam is a definite must-have while planning a trip to Tamil Nadu.
Nagapattinam has always played an important role in the history of Tamil Nadu. The importance that this beautiful port-town has enjoyed in the affairs of Tamil Nadu is a factor that has remained constant in both the politics as well as the economy of Tamil Nadu even today. Reference to the district dates back to the Sangam Era when the district was ruled by the Cholas and the Pandyas. A number of architectural glories of the era are instrumental in pointing out to modern historians of the role that Nagapattinam enjoyed as a major power in the history of Tamil Nadu. Nagapattinam was also an important center of the tsunami that hit the coast of peninsular India in 2005, an unfortunate event whose influence can still be seen today while on a tour to Nagapattinam.