Udaipur is a part of royal Indian state of Rajasthan, extending from latitude 27°42' in the North to longitude 75°33' in the North. It is well connected through air, rail, and road to other important cities of India like Jaipur, Delhi, and Mumbai.
Udaipur is in the central part of the fascinating region of Mewar. The kingdom of Mewar, with which many legends of bravery are associated, was considered the most respectable of all Rajput princely states in Rajasthan. Claiming descent from the sun (Suryavansha), the Sisodia dynasty that ruled Mewar for 1200 years is one of the oldest dynasties in the world. With a lineage of 67 generations behind, this clan fought for its respect and freedom. Like other Rajput kingdoms of the time, it never married off its daughters to the Mughals. A part of this lineage were Rana Sanga and Rana Pratap, great warriors who fought to defend their kingdom from invaders.
The capital of the Sisodia dynasty was Chittor till the 6th century, when it was moved to Udaipur, named after Maharana Udai Singh. According to legend, the Maharana was out hunting one day when he met a holy man meditating on a hill overlooking the Lake Pichola. The hermit blessed the Maharana and told him to built a palace at that very spot, as it would be well protected. The Maharana followed his advice and Udaipur came into being.
Today, Udaipur is a one of the better-known tourist destinations of India and an integral part of any itinerary for Rajasthan.