Hawa Mahal Jaipur

Fast Facts

Location: Near Badi Chaupar and City Palace complex

Highlight: Architectural design; 953 Jharokhas (windows)

Entry Fee: Indians: INR 10 & Foreigners: INR 50

Timings: All days of the week 9:00 AM - 4:30 PM

One of the most popular attractions in Jaipur, Hawa Mahal or the ‘Palace Of Winds’ is a popular landmark of the city, which is located at Badi Choupad. The palace was commissioned in 1799 by Raja Sawai Pratap Singh and is known for 952 jharokhas on the outside walls. A wonderful combination of Mughal and Rajasthan styles of architecture the palace is known for its honeycomb shaped front façade. The windows have beautiful carvings and let the cool breeze blow inside the palace.

History

The construction of Hawa Mahal was commissioned in 1799 by a Kachhwaha Rajput ruler, Sawai Pratap Singh, the grandson of Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh. Lal Chand Usta was the chief architect who designed this beautiful palace. The ruler was a devotee of Lord Krishna and thus the design of the palace was like Lord’s crown, embellishing his head. Also as Purdah system was followed at that time, the royal ladies were not allowed to make appearance in public areas. With the help of these windows, the royal ladies could catch a glimpse of the daily city life and other happenings on the street such as festivals and royal processions.

Architecture of Hawa Mahal

Hawa Mahal is a five-storied building that had a beehive structure wherein the main façade is dotted with 953 small windows. From outside the structure looks like Lord Krishna’s crown.  The windows of lattice work, small balconies, and arched roof with hanging corners. Placed close to the City Palace Complex, this is a pink and red stone building with beautiful white borders. The arched small chhatris with delicate carvings are a mark of the royal Rajputana architectural style.

The top three storeys of Hawa Mahal have Vichitra Mandir, Prakash Mandir and Hawa Mandir. Lord Krishna was worshipped by the Maharaja at the Vichitra Mandir. Prakash Mandir has open terraces on both the sides. Upper floors are accessible through ramps and have no stairs, so that the palanquins of the royal ladies could be carried easily.  Sharad Mandir, on the first floor, was the venue of autumn celebrations. The highlight of Ratan Mandir on the second floor was the wonderful glasswork in varied colors. There is an amazing collection of weapons, antiques, and other precious items that were used by royal families.

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