Kurukshetra is situated in the north Indian state of Haryana. The name Kurukshetra was originally given to an area covered by 48 kosas (an Indian form of measuring land) where 860 places of pilgrimage related to the Mahabharata exist today. Extending between 29.97°N and 76.85°E, Kurukshetra is in the district of Karnal, about 150 km northwest of Delhi.
The region of Kurukshetra lies east of the Punjab where the Aryans first settled when they began migrating into the subcontinent some time between 2000 and 1500 bc. It is believed that the Rig Veda was composed between 1500 and 1000 bc in this place.
From a historical perspective, it was here that the theological and philosophical framework of Hinduism was forged between the 5th century bc and the 5th century ad. It was here that nascent Hinduism, as we know it today emerged.
Tradition holds that the great 18-day battle between the Pandavas and Kauravas in which Lord Krishna played his enigmatic part, as described in the pages of the epic Mahabharata, was fought on the plains of Kurukshetra.
The sacred sites of Kurukshetra today preserve the memory of the struggle at both levels. Very appropriately, Kurukshetra is also known as Dharmakshetra-the region of the Dharma. Today, Kurukshetra, more than any other place in India, is the reduced image of the religious universe of the Hindus.