30 sq km
640 meters above sea level
Hindi and English
Best time to visit
Around the year
Dehradun is situated in the north Indian state of Uttaranchal around 235 km from Delhi. Dehradun extends from the latitude 30° 19' in the North to longitude 78° 04' in the East. The city of Dehradun is well connected to other cities of north India by rail, road, and air.
Best Time To Visit
Due to its location in the hilly part of the state, the climate of Dehradun is salubrious. During the summer months, the temperature ranges between 36°C and 16.7° C. The winter months are colder with the maximum and minimum temperatures touching 23.4°C and 5.2° C respectively.
Dehradun is one of the oldest cities in India. In the Vedic times, the Garhwal Mandal, of which Dehradun is a part, was known as the Kedar Khand. Legend has it that Guru Dronacharaya, a Brahmin teacher of warfare, considered Dehradun a place fit for meditation & worship and therefore, the valley of Doon was christened Drona Ashram, which means "The Abode of Drona".
The written history of Dehradun dates back to 250 BC and King Ashoka's inscription at Kalsi, on the outskirts of the city, is proof of this. There are 14 edicts carved on a rock and nearby is the site of three horse sacrifices by Raja Shilvarma of the Vrisheri dynasty. Large bricks with writing on them are laid out in the shape of a huge bird with a fire altar in the middle.
The Sikh saint Guru Ram Rai also camped here at the place where the present Guru Ram Rai Durbar is located. Like most other Indian hill stations, the British found the climate and the serene environment of this place closer to their home and established many well-known institutions here.
Tapkeshwar is a cave temple dedicated to Lord Shiva on the banks of a seasonal river. Here, water falls on a shivling drop by drop from a rock and hence the name Tapkeshwar. It is 5.5 km from the city bus stand and is situated in the Garhi Cantonment area.
Robbers' Cave is 8 km away from the city bus stand and is an ideal picnic spot. Local bus service is available upto Anarwala village, from where the caves are only a kilometer away.
Tapovan is about 5 km from the city bus stand on the Dehradun-Rajpur Road. The place is situated amidst beautiful surroundings and legend has it that Guru Dronacharaya underwent his penance here.
The Malsi Deer Park is a newly developed tourist spot at the foothills of the Shivalik range. The place is situated about 10 km from Dehradun on the road leading to Mussorie. A mini-zoo with a children's park and lovely natural surroundings make it an ideal sightseeing cum picnic spot.
The Forest Research Institute here is the biggest forest based product-training institute in India. All Forest Officers in India are trained here.
Kalsi is a historical place with an Ashokan Pillar, which has inscriptions in Devanagari. An Ashokan rock edict built in AD 450 is also situated here.
There are a number of important institutions located in Dehradun that provide different academic and research facilities. Some of them are the Anthropological Survey of India, Botanical Survey of India, Survey of India, Indian Institute of Petroleum, Rashtriya Indian Military College, Zoological Survey of India, Wildlife Institute of India, Wadia Institute of Himalayan Geology, Indian Institute of Remote Sensing, and Indian Military Academy.
Places Around Dehradun
Situated at a distance of 93 km from Dehradun, at an elevation of about 7000 feet above sea level, Chakrata is known for its serene environs and sylvan charm. However, Chakrata is restricted for foreigners.
The Yamuna Hydel Scheme, Dakpathar, 45 km from Dehradun, has emerged as a lovely tourist spot in the Western Doon valley. It encompasses lush green lawns and blooming gardens.
Sahastradhara is a cold sulphur water spring having high medicinal value. The dripping caves and a refreshing bath in the Baldi River rejuvenate the body and soul. The place is located 14 km from the Dehradun city bus stand.
Lakshman Siddh is 12 km away from Dehradun en route to Rishikesh. The road is motorable up to the temple. A large number of people visit this temple especially on Sundays. Legend has is that a saint underwent penance at this place.
Fairs & Festivals
The Jhanda Fair is celebrated to mark the arrival of Guru Ram Rai at Dehradun. In the year 1699, Guru Ram Rai built a gurdwara, Guru Ram Rai Durbar and hoisted his flag on it. Now a fair is held on the sixth day after Holi every year in March/April and a flag (Jhanda) unfurled at the Jhanda Chowk.
A fair is held in February to celebrate Shivratri at the Tapkeshwar Temple, 5.5 km from Dehradun.
The Lakhawar Fair is held at the village of the same name in the months of September-October every year. Many activities are held during the festival like dance, music, and sports competitions.
How To Reach
By Air - The nearest airport from Dehradun is the Jolly Grant around 25 km away, on the outskirts of the town. There is a daily flight from here to Delhi, which is the nearest international airport.
By Rail - Dehradun is a major railhead on the Northern Railway line with direct trains to almost all the metropolitan cities of India and some important tourist destinations in Uttaranchal. The Shatabdi Express is the best option for the tourists coming from Delhi and the other good option is the Mussorie Express. The Dehradun-Mumbai Express connects the city to Mumbai. There are also trains to Varanasi, Kolkata and Lucknow.
By Road - Dehradun is well connected to other cities of Uttaranchal and Delhi with regular bus services. Distances of some major cities from Dehradun are Agra 381 km, Calcutta 1562 km, Chennai 2365 km, Delhi 235 km, Jaipur 493 km, Lucknow 582 km, and Mumbai 1578 km. We would provide you all India tourist permit vehicles for the local transportations and also for the intercity drives too.